60 days in Europe, Asia & Africa Itinerary

60 days in Europe, Asia & Africa Itinerary

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Helsinki, Finland
— 3 nights
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Tallinn, Estonia
— 5 nights
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Riga, Latvia
— 4 nights
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Minsk, Belarus
— 5 nights
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Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine
— 4 nights
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Chisinau, Moldova
— 3 nights
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Bucharest, Romania
— 3 nights
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Beirut, Lebanon
— 3 nights
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Cairo, Egypt
— 4 nights
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Juba, South Sudan
— 1 night
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Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo
— 2 nights
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Bujumbura, Burundi
— 1 night
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Kigali, Rwanda
— 2 nights
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Jerusalem, Israel
— 5 nights
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Goreme, Turkey
— 4 nights
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Istanbul, Turkey
— 5 nights
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Sofia, Bulgaria
— 4 nights
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Helsinki, Finland

— 3 nights

Daughter of the Baltic

Finland's largest and most populated metropolis, the maritime town of Helsinki boasts varied architecture, a lively cafe culture, and plethora of picturesque natural delights.
Helsinki is known for historic sites, museums, and shopping. Your trip includes some of its best attractions: admire the landmark architecture of Temppeliaukio Church, make a trip to Senate Square, contemplate the long history of Seurasaari Island and Open-Air Museum, and take in the spiritual surroundings of Kamppi Chapel of Silence.

To see more things to do, maps, other places to visit, and other tourist information, read our Helsinki trip planner.

Houston, USA to Helsinki is an approximately 16-hour flight. You'll lose 8 hours traveling from Houston to Helsinki due to the time zone difference. Expect cooler temperatures when traveling from Houston in May; daily highs in Helsinki reach 60°F and lows reach 43°F. Finish your sightseeing early on the 5th (Thu) to allow enough time to fly to Tallinn.

Things to do in Helsinki

Historic Sites · Parks · Museums · Shopping

Tallinn, Estonia

— 5 nights
A historic city with its eye firmly on the future, Tallinn blends medieval fortifications, gleaming skyscrapers, and charming boutiques with a spattering of Soviet relics.
Tallinn is known for historic sites, museums, and parks. Your trip includes some of its best attractions: stop by Tallinn Old Town, surround yourself with nature on Traveller Tours, see the interesting displays at Lennusadam Seaplane Harbour, and make a trip to Tallinna Raekoja Plats.

To find other places to visit, reviews, photos, and tourist information, refer to the Tallinn trip itinerary builder.

You can fly from Helsinki to Tallinn in 2.5 hours. Other options are to ride a ferry; or do a combination of car and ferry. In May, plan for daily highs up to 60°F, and evening lows to 41°F. Finish your sightseeing early on the 10th (Tue) so you can fly to Riga.

Things to do in Tallinn

Historic Sites · Museums · Wildlife · Outdoors

Riga, Latvia

— 4 nights

Paris of the North

Often referred to as "The Paris of the North," Riga offers thriving nightlife and some of the best collections of Art Nouveau architecture in Europe.
Take a break from Riga with a short trip to Salaspils Memorial Ensemble in Salaspils, about 30 minutes away. And it doesn't end there: take a stroll through Old City Riga (Vecriga), contemplate in the serene atmosphere at St. Peter's Church, admire the landmark architecture of Alberta Iela, and pause for some photo ops at Freedom Monument.

To find ratings, maps, photos, and other tourist information, go to the Riga trip builder app.

Traveling by flight from Tallinn to Riga takes 4.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. Plan for a bit warmer nights when traveling from Tallinn in May since evenings lows in Riga dip to 47°F. Finish your sightseeing early on the 14th (Sat) so you can fly to Minsk.

Things to do in Riga

Museums · Historic Sites · Parks · Outdoors

Side Trips

Minsk, Belarus

— 5 nights
As the capital and largest city of Belarus, Minsk represents a cultural center full of churches, libraries, museums, and theatres.
You'll find plenty of places to visit near Minsk: Mound of Glory (in Slabada), Mir Castle (in Mir) and Nesvizh (Corpus Christi Church in Nesvizh & National Historical and Cultural Museum and Reserve Niasvizh). And it doesn't end there: contemplate the long history of Khatyn Memorial, take an in-depth tour of Belarusian State Museum of the History of the Great Patriotic War, take in the architecture and atmosphere at Church of Saints Simon and Helena, and examine the collection at Museum Strana Mini.

For maps, where to stay, other places to visit, and tourist information, you can read our Minsk online travel route planner.

You can fly from Riga to Minsk in 4.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. Traveling from Riga to Minsk, you'll lose 1 hour due to the time zone difference. May in Minsk sees daily highs of 67°F and lows of 47°F at night. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 19th (Thu) so you can catch the flight to Kyiv (Kiev).

Things to do in Minsk

Historic Sites · Museums · Parks · Outdoors

Side Trips

Kyiv (Kiev), Ukraine

— 4 nights
The center of East Slavic culture, Kiev boasts centuries of eclectic art, architecture, and history.
Kyiv (Kiev) is known for historic sites, museums, and nightlife. Your trip includes some of its best attractions: hit the best photo ops around with an inspiring photography tour, don't miss a visit to Maidan Nezalezhnosti, take in the architecture and atmosphere at St. Sophia's Cathedral, and contemplate the long history of The Holy Dormition Kyiv Caves Lavra.

To see reviews, ratings, where to stay, and tourist information, read our Kyiv (Kiev) route builder tool.

You can fly from Minsk to Kyiv (Kiev) in 3 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. You'll gain 1 hour traveling from Minsk to Kyiv (Kiev) due to the time zone difference. Expect a daytime high around 71°F in May, and nighttime lows around 52°F. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 23rd (Mon) so you can catch the flight to Chisinau.

Things to do in Kyiv (Kiev)

Museums · Historic Sites · Parks · Tours

Chisinau, Moldova

— 3 nights
Chișinău Etymology and namesThe origin of the city's name is unclear, but in one version, the name comes from the archaic Romanian word chișla (meaning "spring", "source of water") and nouă ("new"), because it was built around a small spring, at the corner of Pușkin and Albișoara streets.The other version, formulated by Ștefan Ciobanu, Romanian historian and academician, holds that the name was formed the same way as the name of Chișineu (alternative spelling: Chișinău) in Western Romania, near the border with Hungary. Change things up with these side-trips from Chisinau: Capriana Monastery (in Capriana) and Hancu Monastery (in Nisporeni). There's much more to do: admire the natural beauty at Valea Morilor, pause for some serene contemplation at The Metropolitan Cathedral “Nativity of the Lord”, get engrossed in the history at National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, and tour the pleasant surroundings at Dendrarium Park.

For traveler tips, ratings, photos, and tourist information, read our Chisinau trip planning app.

Traveling by flight from Kyiv (Kiev) to Chisinau takes 4.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 26th (Thu) early enough to fly to Bucharest.

Things to do in Chisinau

Historic Sites · Parks · Museums

Side Trips

Bucharest, Romania

— 3 nights
The booming city of Bucharest is a sophisticated metropolis with a high contrast of old- and new-world architecture.
Go for a jaunt from Bucharest to Mogosoaia to see Mogosoaia Palace about 34 minutes away. And it doesn't end there: ponder the world of politics at Palace of Parliament, take an in-depth tour of Museum of History of the Jewish Community, admire the masterpieces at National Museum of Art of Romania (Muzeul Nakional de Arta al Romaniei), and take in the local highlights with Walking tours.

For other places to visit, more things to do, photos, and other tourist information, refer to the Bucharest trip itinerary builder app.

Traveling by flight from Chisinau to Bucharest takes 4.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. In May in Bucharest, expect temperatures between 74°F during the day and 50°F at night. Finish your sightseeing early on the 29th (Sun) so you can fly to Beirut.

Things to do in Bucharest

Museums · Tours · Historic Sites · Parks

Side Trip

Find places to stay May 26 — 29:

Beirut, Lebanon

— 3 nights

Paris of the East

Sitting on the Mediterranean coast, Beirut, the country's capital and largest city, has plenty of appeal itself, as well as offering a convenient base for exploring the country's other sights and cities.
Change things up with these side-trips from Beirut: Our Lady of Mantara (in Maghdoucheh), Atelier Assaf (in Warhanieh) and Hammam Al-Jadeed (in Sidon). There's still lots to do: examine the collection at Memoire Du Temps, take in the spiritual surroundings of Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George, step into the grandiose world of Byblos Castle, and get engrossed in the history at Armenian Genocide Orphans' "Aram Bezikian" Museum.

For traveler tips, other places to visit, reviews, and other tourist information, go to the Beirut visit planner.

Traveling by flight from Bucharest to Beirut takes 5.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive. Expect somewhat warmer temperatures when traveling from Bucharest in May; daily highs in Beirut reach 82°F and lows reach 65°F. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 1st (Wed) to allow time to fly to Cairo.

Things to do in Beirut

Museums · Historic Sites

Side Trips

Cairo, Egypt

— 4 nights

City of a Thousand Minarets

More than 20 million people call Cairo their home and, as soon as you set foot in the sprawling metropolis, it's evident they make it crowded and chaotic, but also exuberant and charming.
Explore Cairo's surroundings by going to Giza (Great Sphinx & Pyramids of Giza) and Saqqara (Sakkara) Pyramids (in Saqqara). The adventure continues: see the interesting displays at The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, identify plant and animal life at Wildlife Areas, stroll around Al-Azhar Park, and shop like a local with Khan Al-Khalili.

To find other places to visit, more things to do, photos, and more tourist information, use the Cairo itinerary planner.

Traveling by flight from Beirut to Cairo takes 5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive. Traveling from Beirut in June, you will find days in Cairo are a bit warmer (94°F), and nights are about the same (73°F). Finish up your sightseeing early on the 5th (Sun) so you can catch the flight to Juba.

Things to do in Cairo

Historic Sites · Outdoors · Tours · Wildlife

Side Trips

Juba, South Sudan

— 1 night
A frantic metropolis bursting from the White Nile River, Juba stands as the capital and largest city of the Republic of South Sudan.
Start off your visit on the 6th (Mon): take in the architecture and atmosphere at St. Joseph's Catholic Church and then pause for some serene contemplation at All Saints Cathedral.

For ratings, maps, other places to visit, and other tourist information, read our Juba road trip planner.

Traveling by flight from Cairo to Juba takes 7.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive. While traveling from Cairo, expect a bit cooler days and about the same nights in Juba, ranging from highs of 88°F to lows of 77°F. Wrap up your sightseeing by early afternoon on the 6th (Mon) to allow time for the flight to Goma.

Things to do in Juba

Historic Sites

Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo

— 2 nights
Nestled between two opposites--a lake and a volcano--Goma represents an adventurous vacation spot.
Start off your visit on the 7th (Tue): contemplate the waterfront views at Lake Kivu, get outside with Virunga Amani Tours and Travel, and then get outside with Kasitu Eco Tours. Here are some ideas for day two: get impressive views of Mount Nyiragongo.

To see where to stay, maps, traveler tips, and more tourist information, read our Goma visit planner.

You can fly from Juba to Goma in 7.5 hours. Another option is to drive. Expect a bit cooler temperatures when traveling from Juba in June; daily highs in Goma reach 76°F and lows reach 67°F. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 8th (Wed) so you can go by car to Bujumbura.

Things to do in Goma

Nature · Parks · Outdoors · Tours

Bujumbura, Burundi

— 1 night
Because of its history, Bujumbura reflects a colonial charm which shows through in its buildings, wide boulevards, and carefree way of life.
Start off your visit on the 9th (Thu): stroll through Rusizi National Park.

To see maps, more things to do, traveler tips, and other tourist information, read our Bujumbura itinerary planner.

Drive from Goma to Bujumbura in 5.5 hours. Alternatively, you can do a combination of bus and flight; or do a combination of bus and car. In June, Bujumbura is somewhat warmer than Goma - with highs of 83°F and lows of 73°F. Finish your sightseeing early on the 9th (Thu) to allow enough time to fly to Kigali.

Things to do in Bujumbura

Nature · Parks
Highlights from your trip

Kigali, Rwanda

— 2 nights
A vacation in Kigali, Rwanda's capital city and economic hub, lets you experience the very heart of a landlocked country from a pleasant, safe, and organized base point.
On the 10th (Fri), view the masterpieces at Inema Arts Centre, examine the collection at Kigali Genocide Memorial, and then explore the world behind art at MAMA Rwanda Hostel.

To find reviews, photos, ratings, and other tourist information, you can read our Kigali trip site.

Getting from Bujumbura to Kigali by flight takes about 4.5 hours. Other options: drive; or do a combination of car and bus. Traveling from Bujumbura in June, you can expect nighttime temperatures to be a bit cooler in Kigali, with lows of 61°F. On the 11th (Sat), wrap the sightseeing up by early afternoon so you can fly to Jerusalem.

Things to do in Kigali

Museums · Shopping

Jerusalem, Israel

— 5 nights

Holy City

Few places in the world boast such a long history and such a rich multiethnic culture as Jerusalem, a city sacred to Jews, Muslims, and Christians.
Get out of town with these interesting Jerusalem side-trips: Jaffa Old City (in Jaffa) and Tel Aviv (Neve Tzedek & Tayelet). On the 16th (Thu), spend a fun day on foot with Walking tours. There's lots more to do: take an in-depth tour of Yad Vashem - The World Holocaust Remembrance Center, explore the world behind art at The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, delve into the distant past at Western Wall, and steep yourself in history at Bethesda.

For ratings, reviews, and tourist information, use the Jerusalem tour planning site.

You can fly from Kigali to Jerusalem in 9 hours. Another option is to do a combination of car and ferry. Traveling from Kigali in June, things will get a bit warmer in Jerusalem: highs are around 87°F and lows about 70°F. Cap off your sightseeing on the 16th (Thu) early enough to catch the flight to Goreme.

Things to do in Jerusalem

Historic Sites · Tours · Museums · Neighborhoods

Side Trip

Goreme, Turkey

— 4 nights
Famed for its landscape of unusually shaped stone formations and churches cut into the natural rocks, Goreme sits in the central part of the country, an area originally settled during Roman times.
Spend the 19th (Sun) exploring nature at Goreme National Park. There's still lots to do: enjoy unforgettable views with a balloon tour, see Off-Road Tours, take a pleasant ride with a tour on horseback, and take an in-depth tour of Goreme Open-Air Museum.

To find reviews, ratings, other places to visit, and other tourist information, read our Goreme trip planning app.

Traveling by flight from Jerusalem to Goreme takes 7.5 hours. The time zone difference moving from Israel Standard Time (IST) to Turkey Time (TRT) is 1 hour. Plan for a bit cooler temperatures traveling from Jerusalem in June, with highs in Goreme at 82°F and lows at 55°F. Cap off your sightseeing on the 20th (Mon) early enough to catch the flight to Istanbul.

Things to do in Goreme

Historic Sites · Nature · Parks · Outdoors

Side Trip

Istanbul, Turkey

— 5 nights

Queen of Cities

A physical and cultural bridge between Europe and Asia, the transcontinental city of Istanbul serves as a living reminder of the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman empires.
Istanbul is known for historic sites, museums, and shopping. Your trip includes some of its best attractions: take in the spiritual surroundings of Hagia Sophia Mosque, explore the world behind art at Chora Museum, get engrossed in the history at Topkapi Palace, and admire the landmark architecture of Dolmabahce Palace.

To find ratings, other places to visit, photos, and other tourist information, refer to the Istanbul trip maker tool.

You can fly from Goreme to Istanbul in 3.5 hours. Other options are to drive; or do a combination of bus and train. Traveling from Goreme in June, you can expect nighttime temperatures to be somewhat warmer in Istanbul, with lows of 63°F. Finish up your sightseeing early on the 25th (Sat) so you can catch the flight to Sofia.

Things to do in Istanbul

Historic Sites · Museums · Tours · Nature

Sofia, Bulgaria

— 4 nights
Spend time in one of Europe's oldest cities, the vibrant Bulgarian capital of Sofia.
Sofia is known for fun & games, nightlife, and museums. Your trip includes some of its best attractions: get the lay of the land with Walking tours, walk around Zapaden Park, admire the landmark architecture of St. Alexander Nevski Cathedral, and contemplate in the serene atmosphere at Temple Sveti Nikolay.

To find more things to do, photos, traveler tips, and more tourist information, go to the Sofia trip itinerary planner.

Traveling by flight from Istanbul to Sofia takes 4.5 hours. Alternatively, you can drive; or take a bus. The time zone difference moving from Turkey Time (TRT) to Eastern European Standard Time (EET) is minus 1 hour. Traveling from Istanbul in June, plan for little chillier nights in Sofia, with lows around 55°F. Wrap up your sightseeing on the 29th (Wed) to allow time to fly back home.

Things to do in Sofia

Historic Sites · Parks · Tours · Nature
Find places to stay Jun 25 — 29:

Finland travel guide

4.2
Architectural Buildings · Landmarks · Military Museums
Land of a Thousand Lakes
Combining vast Nordic wilderness with bustling hip cities, Finland offers something to delight and surprise all its visitors. Generally speaking, the northern region is populated by unspoiled pine forests, glistening blue lakes, and a plethora of interesting wildlife, while the south is home to the nation's thoroughly modern urban centers. Although Finland holds the title of most sparsely populated county in the European Union, restaurants, bars, and nightclubs in cities like Helsinki, Espoo, and Tampere are often packed with fun-loving Finns. Do bring your dancing shoes, but don't forget your hiking boots either--you'll want to make use of the country's 37 national parks, spread throughout this "Land of a Thousand Lakes."

Estonia travel guide

4.6
Historic Sites · Landmarks · Specialty Museums
Baltic Tiger
Small in size but big in character, the proud nation of Estonia manages to pack historical cities, swathes of charming countryside, a picturesque coastline, and rugged islands into a relatively small amount of space. Thanks to its compactness, visitors can easily travel between the many tourist attractions the country has to offer. Although just a stone's throw away from Finland, Latvia, and Russia, Estonia boasts its own distinct culture, evident in the country's cuisine, music, and traditions. This vibrant nation emerged from over 40 years of Soviet rule to be one of the most economically successful of the European Union's eastern members and is leading the way in tech industries.

Latvia travel guide

4.3
Landmarks · History Museums · Specialty Museums
Nestled between Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia has a small but developing tourist industry and the country is authentic and welcoming. The Baltic coast stretches 500 km (310 mi) along Latvia's northern border, and lush green forests cover nearly half of the country. Founded in 1918, Latvia was occupied by both the Nazis and the Soviet Union, who incorporated the country and did not restore independence until 1991. Due to centuries of foreign rule, the country boasts a mix of ethnic backgrounds, while maintaining the Latvian language. With cosmopolitan Riga as the capital, Latvia offers a mix of urban excitement and rural nature.

Belarus travel guide

4.4
Landmarks · Churches · History Museums
Explore the idyllic cornflower fields, vast forests, and charming villages of , a country that blends modern progress with its rich history. Tour the financially prosperous and socially progressive capital city, traipse through national parks, and catch sight of the continent's largest mammal, the European bison. Visit ancient castles, and view demonstrations of ceramic making and blacksmithing. Learn how World War II impacted this Eastern European nation by visiting one of the many monuments and memorials that pay homage to those who served. Because of its isolation from the rest of the region, visitors to the country are often approached with curiosity, but warmly greeted by the locals. Known for its rich cultural heritage, the nation hosts a plethora of festivals throughout the year, allowing visitors and locals alike to enjoy the arts.

Ukraine travel guide

4.5
Landmarks · Specialty Museums · Churches
Bread Basket of Europe
As the largest country entirely within Europe, it comes as no surprise that Ukraine is a hugely diverse nation. Despite its varied and vibrant tourist attractions, it is a relatively under-visited part of the world. This is mostly good news for those who do decide to vacation here because they can enjoy an authentic and unusual experience. Sip coffee in city cafes, hike the Carpathians, unwind by the beach, and explore picturesque forests. Those interested in architecture will be delighted by the massive array on offer, including grand Gothic towers, wooden churches, and looming Stalinist constructions.

Moldova travel guide

3.8
Wineries & Vineyards · Nature & Parks · Monuments
As one of the smallest countries in Europe, Moldova earned its independence in 1991 and remains quite unknown to most of the world. As Moldova is located between Romania and the Ukraine, much of its culture borrows elements, such as language and traditional food, from its two neighbors. Moldova sports a rugged countryside with a mild and sunny climate thanks to the neighboring Black Sea. This region's outdoor activities--biking, hiking, horseback riding, and exploring caves--are its main attractions. While Moldova doesn't attract much tourism, it is one of the last places in Europe where you can get a completely authentic local experience.

Romania travel guide

4.4
Castles · Churches · Historic Walking Areas
An image of ancient architecture contrasted against a backdrop of vivdly green landscape represents the country of Romania, which features a diversity of landscape that has been largely undeveloped. With numerous mountain, valley, and lakeside resorts, an abundance of activities await outdoor enthusiasts. The other side of Romanian tourism is its impressive collection of ancient ruins, prehistoric fortresses, and medieval castles. Many of these date back to prehistoric times, the Ottoman Empire, and Austro-Hungarian rule, the influences of which are still apparent in preserved details. Tourism in Romania is not as prevalent as other countries, which this makes the travel experience here feel more authentic and awe-inspiring. Check out this simple but captivating country and discover its natural and historic beauty.

Lebanon travel guide

4.3
Landmarks · Sacred & Religious Sites · Ruins
With a lengthy coastline along the Mediterranean, Lebanon has attracted its share of foreign invaders, from ancient Phoenicians and Egyptians to the medieval Crusaders and Ottoman Turks. Each of these peoples left an indelible mark on the tiny country's cultural heritage, art, religious traditions, and cuisine. Though it shares a border with troubled Syria, Lebanon remains one of the Arab world's most charming destinations. A tour of Lebanon allows travelers to discover modern seaside resorts, ancient ruins, lush nature reserves, and dynamic cities. Base your Lebanon vacation in Beirut, a cosmopolitan capital known for its cafe culture and European architecture, as well as many museums, parks, and squares.

Egypt travel guide

4.5
Ruins · Scuba & Snorkeling · Monuments
Gift of the Nile
The land of pharaohs, pyramids, sphinxes, and papyrus, Egypt needs little by way of introduction. Visitors find more than a textbook readout of ancient history when visiting the country--the power, scale, art, and mysticism of its centuries-old culture bleed out from each landmark attraction and seep into the everyday life. Bustling markets, the slow-flowing Nile, the vast desert, and inspiring archeological sites often sit right alongside palaces of great excess and historical importance. All ensure you have plenty to see and do during your vacation in Egypt. In the wake of the Arab Spring in 2011, travel to certain areas where conflict and terrorism are deemed likely remains inadvisable for foreign visitors.

South Sudan travel guide

2.3
Churches · Sacred & Religious Sites
South Sudan became the world's youngest nation in 2011, with the splitting of the continents largest state. The civil war that preceded the separation would inevitably leave deep traces on the psyche of the people and the stability of the political situation, but any initial optimism was quickly dimmed with government forces and rebel groups once more at war. The country boasts a fascinating mix of tribes and cultures and provides the setting for the second largest animal migration in the world, with antelopes crossing large swathes of the country. Despite this, holidays in South Sudan appeal to only a few daring travelers--tourism sector remains undeveloped and infrastructure lacking.

Democratic Republic of the Congo travel guide

3.9
National Parks · Mountains · Nature & Parks
Democratic Republic of Congo possesses a wealth of scenic highlights, ethnic diversity, and a complex history. Inaccessible for many years due to conflict, the country once again draws adventurous and confident travelers looking for a different type of vacation. For those who can forego the usual home comforts and quickly adapt to challenging conditions, the rewards of a holiday in Democratic Republic of Congo are numerous--trekking through unspoiled forests, spotting endemic wildlife, and meeting welcoming, inspiring people.

Burundi travel guide

2.9
Nature & Parks · Historic Sites · Monuments
Heart of Africa
Though landlocked, Burundi provides plenty of chances to spend time close to the water, with the capital located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. Tourism in Burundi focuses primarily on the capital and the natural areas and traditional towns just outside it, with pristine lakeside beaches to explore, along with tribal villages protecting centuries-old traditions. Civil war affected the country's economy and devastated its population between 1993 and 2005. Political unrest and violence began again in 2015.

Rwanda travel guide

4.4
Specialty Museums · Nature & Parks · Art Galleries
Land of a Thousand Hills
Tourism in Rwanda experienced a serious boost in the recent years largely thanks to the country's large population of mountain gorillas. One of only two nations in which the enigmatic, critically endangered gorillas can be tracked, Rwanda appeals to adventurous travelers interested in hiking the hills and equatorial jungles inhabited by the endemic species. The people of Rwanda remain positive about their future, and the political stability that has taken hold since the horrors of the 1994 genocide allows a growing number of international tourists to share in the optimism.

Israel travel guide

4.7
Sacred & Religious Sites · Historic Walking Areas · Ruins
Land of Creation
Surprisingly diverse for such a narrow strip of land pressed against the Mediterranean, modern Israel only dates back to 1948, though the history of this "Holy Land" spans many millennia. The big three monotheistic religions--Christianity, Judaism, and Islam--maintain extremely strong ties to this part of the world, so you can expect to see plenty of historic churches, mosques, and synagogues during your holiday in Israel. Beyond the undeniable cultural appeal, Israel also offers impressive natural features, including the Dead Sea and Makhtesh Ramon, one of the world's biggest craters. As you tour Israel, you'll find yourself following in the footsteps of figures that helped shape the world thousands of years ago.

Turkey travel guide

4.3
Ruins · Architectural Buildings · Sacred & Religious Sites
Rich in culture and customs and brimming with hospitality, natural beauty, and historical heritage, Turkey serves as a crossroads between Asia and Europe. The landmass known as Anatolia on which Turkey thrives has been home to numerous civilizations and their faiths and cultures, as attested by the 13 World Heritage Sites and countless religious sites you'll find here. Relive the ancient world through the ruins, customs, and traditions that are among the nation's most precious heritages. Adventure-seekers have plenty do to here, including mountain climbing, scuba diving, rafting, and skiing. A holiday to Turkey is incomplete without a cup of Turkish coffee, the pinnacle of Turkish cuisine inscribed on the Intangible Cultural Heritage List.

Bulgaria travel guide

4.4
Architectural Buildings · Ruins · Nightlife
Eventful history has endowed Bulgaria with a rich cultural, architectural, and artistic heritage, while natural beauty and recreational opportunities make it one of Europe's most desirable holiday destinations. Carpeted by dense forests and fed by mighty rivers, this ancient land once drew invaders from distant corners of Europe. Today, the country's Black Sea coastline and seven rugged mountain ranges top the itineraries of nearly 8 million annual visitors. While its growing cities offer modern shopping, dining, and entertainment opportunities, Bulgaria's countryside remains a history buff's paradise, boasting well-preserved reminders of ancient civilizations that conquered or passed through this land. Begin your Bulgarian adventure in Sofia, one of Europe's oldest capitals, with over 250 historic landmarks.