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Trip Planner Europe  /  Russia  /  Central Russia  /  Kaluga Oblast  /  Kaluga

Kaluga

4.2
Kaluga is a city and the administrative center of Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River 150km southwest of Moscow. Population:HistoryKaluga, founded in the mid-14th century as a border fortress on the southwestern borders of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, first appears in the historical record in chronicles in the 14th century as Koluga; the name comes from Old Russian kaluga - "bog, quagmire". In the Middle Ages Kaluga was a minor settlement owned by the Princes Vorotynsky. The ancestral home of these princes lies southwest of the modern city.On 19 January 1777 the Kaluga drama theatre opened its first theatrical season, established with the direct participation of the Governor-General M. N. Krechetnikov.Kaluga is connected to Moscow by a railway line and by the ancient roadway, the Kaluga Road (now partly within Moscow (as Starokaluzhskoye Shosse - the Old Kaluga Highway), partly the A101 road). This road offered Napoleon his favored escape route from the Moscow trap in the fall of 1812. But General Kutuzov repelled Napoleon's advances in this direction and forced the retreating French army onto the old Smolensk road, previously devastated by the French during their invasion of Russia.
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Popular things to do in Kaluga

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The Tsiolkovsky State Museum of Cosmonautics
Specialty Museum
The Tsiolkovsky State Museum of Cosmonautics
4.3
Duration: 1h 30 min
Kaluga Park Park of Culture and Leisure
Park
Kaluga Park Park of Culture and Leisure
4.1
Duration: 1h 30 min
K. Tsiolkovskiy's House Museum ©
Specialty Museum
K. Tsiolkovskiy's House Museum
4.6
Duration: 30 minutes
Planetarium ©
Specialty Museum
Planetarium
4.2
Duration: 1h 30 min

Side trips from Kaluga

Etnomir Tourist Complex ©
Theme Park
Etnomir Tourist Complex Petrovo
3.1
Duration: 8 hours
Nikola-Lenivets Art Park ©
Art Museum
Nikola-Lenivets Art Park Zvizzhi
3.7
Duration: 4 hours
Polenov Residence State Museum ©
Specialty Museum
Polenov Residence State Museum Strakhovo
4.6
Duration: 2h 30 min
Bird Park Vorobyi ©
Wildlife Area
Bird Park Vorobyi Vorobi
4.7
Duration: 1h 30 min

Historic Sites in Kaluga

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Kaluga Holy Trinity Cathedral ©
Church
Kaluga Holy Trinity Cathedral
4.8
Duration: 1h 30 min
Cosmas and Damian Church
Church
Cosmas and Damian Church
4.4
Duration: 1h 30 min
The Church of the Transfiguration
Church
The Church of the Transfiguration
5.0
Duration: 1h 30 min
Kirova Street
Historic Walking Area
Kirova Street
3.8
Duration: 4 hours

Museums in Kaluga

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Kaluga Regional Museum
Specialty Museum
Kaluga Regional Museum
4.0
Duration: 1h 30 min
Kaluga Museum of Fine Arts ©
Art Museum
Kaluga Museum of Fine Arts
4.7
Duration: 1h 30 min
Museum of 1812
Specialty Museum
Museum of 1812
4.8
Duration: 1h 30 min
Museum of Workmanship, Architecture and Daily Life
Specialty Museum
Museum of Workmanship, Architecture and Daily Life
4.8
Duration: 1h 30 min

Hidden gems in Kaluga

Chizhevskiy's House Museum
Specialty Museum
Chizhevskiy's House Museum
4.9
Duration: 1h 30 min
St. George's Cathedral ©
Church
St. George's Cathedral
4.9
Duration: 1h 30 min

Parks in Kaluga

Park Tsiolkovskiy
Park
Park Tsiolkovskiy
4.1
Duration: 30 minutes
Park Medsestyor
Park
Park Medsestyor
3.3
Duration: 1h 30 min
Park Mira
Park
Park Mira
3.3
Duration: 30 minutes

Places to visit with Kaluga

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