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Triclinium Leoninum, Rome

3.9
#461 of 525 in Historic Sites in Rome
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Triclinium Leoninum Reviews

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  • The Triclinium Leoninum (also known as Nicchione del Lateran) is a singular remand of an ancient triclinium built by Pope Leo III, modeling a hall of the imperial palace of Constantinople. The history linked to this characteristic monument of Rome can be traced back to the time of Pope Leo III. The part visible today is in fact the last part of a state banquet room that was part of the palace of the pontiff. Pope Anastasio III gives us news of it and we know that pope Leo IV already proceeded to a restoration of the hall when it was still intact and attached to the palace. Featuring a polyphore facade, the setting was preceded by a closed porch overlooking the lateran field with three doors, while, on the left, a fourth ensured the passage to the palace which, as the 16th-century historian Panvinio recalls, in this way it could be reached by the basilica. The porch was lower than the facade and this was decisive in view of bonifacio VIII's choice of site for the construction of the Lodge of Blessings. The current structure dates back to the end of the sixteenth century when Pope Sisto V gave orders to demolish the old lateran palace, but preserved the Triclinium Leoninum. It is possible that some parts of the original mosaics have been preserved in a mosaic in three parts: in the Christ center he entrusts the Apostles their mission, on the left he hands the keys to Saint Sylvester and the Labaro to Constantine, while on the right St. Peter gives the stola to Leo III and the insignia to Charlemagne. The current structure is the result of the restorations of 1743 by the architect Ferdinandfuga Fuga that led to the affixing of the coat of arms of Benedict XIV above the niche.
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