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Temple of Vesta, Rome

4.2
#143 of 524 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Temple of Vesta is an ancient edifice in Rome, Italy, located in the Roman Forum near the Regia and the House of the Vestal Virgins. The temple's most recognizable feature is its circular footprint. Since the worship of Vesta began in private homes, the architecture seems to be a reminder of its history. The extant temple used Greek architecture with Corinthian columns, marble, and a central cella. The remaining structure indicates that there were twenty Corinthian columns built on a podium fifteen meters in diameter. The roof probably had a vent at the apex to allow smoke release.HistoryAll temples to Vesta were round, and had entrances facing east to symbolize connection between Vesta’s fire and the sun as sources of life. The Temple of Vesta represents the site of ancient cult activity as far back as 7th century BCE. Numa Pompilius is believed to have built this temple along with the original Regia and House of the Vestal Virgins in its original form. Around the Temple stood The Sacred Grove, in which also there was a graveyard for the priests and virgins.It was one of the earliest structures located in the Roman Forum although its present reincarnation is the result of subsequent rebuilding. Instead of a cult statue in the cella, there was a hearth which held the sacred flame. The temple was the storehouse for the legal wills and documents of Roman Senators and cult objects such as the Palladium. The Palladium was a statue of Athena (Roman Minerva) believed to have been brought by Aeneas from Troy; the statue was felt to be one of the Pignora Imperii, or pledges of imperium, of Ancient Rome. That the Romans believed that the Sacred fire of Vesta was closely tied to the fortunes of the city and viewed its extinction as a portent of disaster has been agreed on by all ancient accounts.
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Temple of Vesta Reviews

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4.4
TripAdvisor
  • This was home to the “sacred fire” and was from the 4th century BC. When completed it consisted of 20 columns of which only a few remain today after the 1930 reconstruction  more »
  • The Temple of Vesta beginnings date to the initial settlement in this area (later 8th - 7th century B.C.). The temple was dedicated first and foremost to the cult of Vesta, the goddess of the hearth.....  more »
Google
  • Good if you like Roman Architecture. Remember to bring good walking boots unless you want knackered feet.
  • Wonderful ruins in the area that once was a temple

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