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Temple of Asclepius, Rome

4.5
#168 of 524 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Temple of Asclepius was an ancient Roman temple to Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine, on the Isola Tiberina in Rome.
It was first built between 293 and 290 BC and was dedicated in 289 BC. According to legend, a plague hit Rome in 293 BC, leading the senate to build a temple to Asclepius, Latinised to 'Esculapius'. After having consulted the Sibylline Books and gained a favourable response, a delegation of Roman elders was sent to Epidaurus in Greece, famous for its sanctuary to Asclepius, to obtain a statue of him to bring back to Rome. The legend also relates that during the propitiatory rites a large serpent (one of the god's attributes) slithered from the sanctuary and hid in the Roman ship. Certain that this was a sign of the god's favour, the Roman delegation quickly returned home, where the plague was still raging. As they were on the river Tiber and about to reach Rome, the snake crawled out of the ship and disappeared from sight on the island, marking the site where the temple was to be built. Work on the temple began immediately and it was dedicated in 289 BC - soon afterwards, the plague ended.
In memory of the event, the front of the island was also remodelled to imitate a trireme. An obelisk marked the island's centre, in front of the temple, to resemble a mast, while blocks of travertine were placed along the edges to look like a bow and stern. Several other structures arose on the island to shelter the sick, as evidenced by several surviving votives and inscriptions.
The temple was destroyed in the medieval period and as early as 1000 the basilica of San Bartolomeo all'Isola was built on its remains by Otto III. The medieval well near the altar of the church seems to be the same as that used to draw water for the sick in the classical period as mentioned by Sextus Pompeius Festus, a 2nd-century Latin grammarian. There is also the Fatebenefratelli Hospital in front of the basilica.
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Temple of Asclepius Reviews

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51 reviews
Google
4.6
TripAdvisor
  • The Temple of Asclepius is located on the artificial islet of the lake in Giardino del Lago at Villa Borghese. It is a small temple in the Ionic style built in 1785–1792 by Antonio and Mario Asprucci....  more »
  • Lovely place to visit. You can row boats at their lake, ride a Segway around the park and more. We spent about 1.5 hours there, which is more than enough time to get through everything. It wasn’t too....  more »
Google
  • Gorgeous place. We did rowing boats (3€ per person for 20mins) on the lake and had a blast. Loads of turtles swimming about and posing for photos. Well worth a visit.
  • A really nice place to relax and have a stroll. It's just wonderful. There is also a small lake and you can rent a boat.

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