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Tempio di Saturno, Rome

4.6
#109 of 524 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Temple of Saturn was an ancient Roman temple to the god Saturn. Its ruins stand at the foot of the Capitoline Hill at the western end of the Roman Forum. The original dedication of the temple is traditionally dated to 497 BC, but ancient writers disagreed greatly about the history of this site.
Collapse has left little standing but the remains of the front porch. The partially preserved pediment displays the inscription:
meaning "The Senate and People of Rome restored consumed by fire." The pediment and eight surviving columns represent one of the iconic images of Rome's ancient architectural heritage.
Construction of the temple is thought to have begun in the later years of the Roman Kingdom under Tarquinius Superbus. Its inauguration by the consul Titus Lartius took place in the early years of the Republic. The temple was completely reconstructed by Munatius Plancus in 42 BC.
The present ruins represent the third incarnation of the Temple of Saturn, replacing the version destroyed by the fire of Carinus in 283 AD. The extant inscription on the frieze commemorates this restoration undertaken after the fire.
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  • The temple dates from the 5th century BC, but the current ruins date from 4 AD. This is the reconstruction after a fire. All that survives today are 8 columns of the façade and architrave bearing the....  more »
  • The Temple of Saturn (god of agriculture and wealth) is in the Northwestern end of the Roman Forum at the bee of the Capital Hill. Before the first Temple of Saturn was constructed here, an altar of.....  more »

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