Mitreo di Palazzo Barberini, Rome

4.5
#210 of 525 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Palazzo Barberini is a 17th-century palace in Rome, facing the Piazza Barberini in Rione Trevi. It houses the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica.HistoryThe sloping site had formerly been occupied by a garden-vineyard of the Sforza family, in which a palazzetto had been built in 1549. The sloping site passed from one cardinal to another during the sixteenth century, with no project fully getting off the ground.When Cardinal Alessandro Sforza met financial hardships, the still semi-urban site was purchased in 1625 by Maffeo Barberini, of the Barberini family, who became Pope Urban VIII.Three great architects worked to create the Palazzo, each contributing his own style and character to the building. Carlo Maderno, then at work extending the nave of St Peter's, was commissioned to enclose the Villa Sforza within a vast Renaissance block along the lines of Palazzo Farnese; however, the design quickly evolved into a precedent-setting combination of an urban seat of princely power combined with a garden front that had the nature of a suburban villa with a semi-enclosed garden.Maderno began in 1627, assisted by his nephew Francesco Borromini. When Maderno died in 1629, Borromini was passed over and the commission was awarded to Bernini, a young prodigy then better known as a sculptor. Borromini stayed on regardless and the two architects worked together, albeit briefly, on this project and at the Palazzo Spada. Works were completed by Bernini in 1633.
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Mitreo di Palazzo Barberini Reviews

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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
30 reviews
Google
5.0
TripAdvisor
  • We walked by this palazzo on Quattro Fontane and finally went in after a few days. We were amazed by the artworks and the building. Bernini designed the staircase and it is stunning. The architecture....  more »
  • interesting not only for the frescos but for the fact that there the cult of god Mitra was practiced. And in those times this cult was the last stand of the roman army to save the collapsing roman...  more »
Google
  • Nice square located in a central location
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  • The Mitreums are disturbing, buried treasures of the mystical, unknown Rome. The Mitreum is located beneath the Palazzo Barberini, famous for its frescoes. In particular, the image of Mitra shooting from the bow in the rock.
    See original

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