Anzali Lagoon, Bandar-e Anzali

3.8
#1 of 6 in Outdoors in Gilan Province
Outdoor Activity
Anzali Lagoon is a coastal liman, or lagoon, in the Caspian Sea near Bandar-e Anzali, in the northern Iranian province of Gilan. The lagoon divides Bandar-e Anzali into two parts, and is home to both the Selke Wildlife Refuge and the Siahkesheem Marsh.
Although the lagoon suffers from pollution, it is known as a good place for bird watching. The lagoon's water ranges from fresh near the tributary streams to brackish near the mouth into the harbor and the sea. Studies indicate that in the 19th and early 20th Centuries that the lagoon had a much higher salinity.
The lagoon has decreased in size since the 1930s to less than a quarter of its former extent. However, in the last ten years water salinity has increased both by the rise of the level of the Caspian Sea which has caused greater interchange of waters, and due to greater salt transport in incoming "fresh" water due to increased upstream irrigation.
The lagoon has been listed in Ramsar Conventiondated 21 December 1975.
Prior to 1950 the Anzali Lagoon provided about 70% of the commercial fish taken in Gilan Province, with catches of over 5,000 tons annually. Commercial fishing was done during the spring and autumn spawning cycles when the kutum, pike-perch and bream, would enter the lagoon from the Caspian. However, a number of factors acted against the continuation of the fishery and by the time commercial fishing ceased in 1960 annual catches were less than 100 tons.
A visit to Anzali Lagoon represents just the start of the adventure when you use our Bandar-e Anzali itinerary planning website to plot your vacation.
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Anzali Lagoon reviews

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  • Don't do it unless you're wanting a fast ride on a boat and very little else. The water is muddy, there is very little birdlife and the place seems dead. There are dozens of high-speed boats taking...  more »
  • The prices for boat rides may vary in different places and it helps if you ask the place you are staying to recommend you a place so that you can bargain more. We went on a full ride with only 300...  more »

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